At Phillips 66, we are committed to reducing (greenhouse gas) emissions at our operations and beyond. We believe carbon capture technology stands to play a key role in helping achieve that goal and are working to establish a competitive position and scale in this high-potential market.
Carbon Capture and Storage
The Humber Refinery is part of the Immingham Industrial Cluster, which is the largest GHG-emitting industrial cluster in the U.K.
We are participating in Humber Zero, a world-scale concept to reduce UK industry carbon emissions that, if approved, is capable of removing 8 million metric tonnes of CO₂ per year by 2030.
The first phase of this project is a consortium between Phillips 66 Limited and VPI Immingham LLP which aim is to capture up to 3.8 million tonnes of CO₂ emissions every year from the Humber Refinery and VPI’s combined heat and power plant by around 2027. The emissions are captured at source and transported via a pipeline to an existing depleted North Sea gas field which will be modified to store these emissions. This first phase of the project would see an initial investment of more than £1 billion in carbon capture, with further investment intended in additional stages of the project to exceed £2 billion.
This project at the Humber Refinery would represent a first-of-a-kind opportunity for a refinery to capture CO2 from flue gases from a fluid catalytic cracker and this aspect of the project was recently shortlisted for the Government’s CCUS deployment Phase 2 industrial carbon capture competition.
Carbon capture process
The Humber Zero project would capture CO₂ at the source and transport it via a pipeline to an existing depleted North Sea gas field.
- Flue gas is emitted from industrial processes at the Humber Refinery and VPI’s combined heat and power plant. Solvents are used to capture CO₂ from the gas.
- The liquid CO₂ is compressed into a “dense-phase” fluid state and transported to depleted offshore gas fields or other geological structures around 3.2 kilometers under the seabed, where it is stored.